Surgery performed by gynaecologists on the reproductive system of a female is termed as gynaecological surgery. Gynaecology is that field of medicine which deals with the women’s genital system. Uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, cervix comprises the genital system.
Different types of gynaecological surgery:
There are several procedures related to a gynecologic surgery that is performed by the gynaecologists. Various conditions tend to affect the female reproductive organs. Hence the several types of surgeries that are to be carried out are as follows:
- Hysterectomy: Sometimes uterine prolapse, endometriosis, fibroid tumours or abnormal uterine bleeding may indicate the need for hysterectomy. This surgery involves the removal of the uterus. One or both the ovaries are removed during the surgery.
- Laparoscopy: This surgical procedure involves the checking the women’s pelvic organs by inserting a thin lighted tube along with a video camera inside the belly. It is done to check for any internal injuries or infections, tumours or blockages.
- Endometrial ablation: The reason for carrying out this surgery is the abnormal uterine bleeding. It aims at removing the thin layer of tissue that lines the uterus in order to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding.
- Salpingostomy: The female fallopian tubes carry the eggs from ovaries to the uterus. In order to excise an ectopic pregnancy, this surgery is done by making an incision in the fallopian tube.
A gynecologic surgery includes a vast range of operations which can serve different purposes. In order to restore the normal uterus, ovaries, tubes and other reproductive organs, these types of operations and surgeries are carried out.
Guest post by Teton Women’s Health Center